Routed Magazine

Articles from Discussing Displacement’s collaboration with Routed Magazine on ‘The Language of Migration’

The words we use shape our understanding of the world. Through language, we construct our perceptions of complex realities and position ourselves toward them: we relate, we reach out, we reclaim, and we reject. When it comes to the language used to define, represent or discuss migration and (im)mobility, there are multiple actors that develop sometimes competing narratives and vocabularies. Migrants, institutions, policymakers, the media, advocacy groups and academics all participate in creating diverse languages of migration, with various effects, which over time change, spill over, adapt, and keep redrawing the lines of inclusion and exclusion.

This issue is the product of a collaboration between Routed Magazine and Discussing Displacement. Both publications share the common goals of facilitating access to knowledge on the field of migration and mobility, and making critical perspectives and diverse voices more approachable to our readers, one article at a time. With this aim of openness and proximity, we have also taken this special joint issue as an opportunity to reflect on our own use and production of mobility-related language and narratives.

In this issue, we examine the origins, implications and shortcomings of concepts from ‘internally displaced person’ and ‘climate refugee’, to ‘expatriate’ and ‘remittances’. Discrimination against migrants and even criminalisation can stem from the connotations and meanings of the words used to refer to migrants in host societies, as well as institutional discourses on ‘safe migration’ seeking to enforce immobility. At the same time, linguistic innovation at the institutional level has the potential to create more inclusive societies.

Reflecting on the self-perceptions of receiving societies, we also examine the legal roots and implications of being a ‘guest’ in Jordan, the role of previously arrived migrants in hosting newcomers, and the Turkish concept of ‘God’s Guest’.

Academia, in conversation with policy, understands migration through theoretical and empirical frameworks in constant development, from migrancy to transnationalism. Academic perspectives, however, also have to fight their own biases, such as the methodological nationalism that often impregnates integration research and the gender bias behind concepts such as ‘care drain’.

Migrants create, share and advocate for a vocabulary that fits their own experiences, as a form of community-building, heritage, or resistance. Latinx migrants in the US and sub-Saharan migrants in Morocco have their own vocabulary to name and describe their experiences with law enforcement and their migration journeys, while Cameroonian aspiring migrants and returnees frame their migration as an adventure. Terms such as ‘migrant domestic worker’ make a difference for migrants’ claims to labour rights in Hong Kong. Migrant voices often go unheard, but they are key to understanding their needs and accomplishments, from Filipina migrants in Bangkok and Manila during the pandemic to Indonesian LGBTQ+ migrants in France.

Through literature, migrant authors such as Behrouz Boochani contest mainstream narratives of migration, challenging refugee detention systems and exposing how differently time works during prolonged experiences of mobility and immobility.

This issue also brings you three pieces that go beyond the language of migration: an insight into the current migration of Indian Jews to Israel; the testimony of an Indian student living in Japan through the pandemic; and a recollection of best practices in integration policy from the Brazilian city of São Paulo.

We would like to thank the whole team at Routed for offering their support, guidance and enthusiasm when compiling this issue. It has been a joy to work with such fantastic and supportive friends. As always, thank you to all the writers who have shared their research and experiences; and to you, our reader. We wish you a pleasant reading!

The Spatial Language of Migration

Burcu Ateş As probably for almost anyone communicating in a context ‘foreign’ to their native language, writing in a second language has always been challenging for me. Given that I am unfortunately unable to know my mother tongue…

The Estranged Song

Dipsita Dhar Migration discourses have mostly revolved around economics or, more recently, legality. However, questions around non-economic opportunity cost are not discussed enough. In South Asia’s developing countries, internal and international migration have been shaped by the economic…

Expatriate

Corrie Macleod What do you see when you read the word ‘expatriate’?  A well-dressed, young multilingual European man with a tertiary education and lofty career ambitions? What about ‘migrant’?  A desperate father crossing the English Channel in damp,…

Refuweegees and New Scots

Boel McAteer In Scotland, local government and civil society have invented new words for people who have migrated to the country. The term ‘refuweegee’ was coined by a Glasgow-based charity with the same name, founded in 2015. Refuweegee…

Remittances

Daniella Espacio The first thing that commonly comes to mind when one hears the word ‘remittance’ is money. Remittances are a significant part of a migrant’s migration cycle or ‘journey’. In fact, many families and individuals rely on remittances…

‘Safe Migration’

Sylvia Koh According to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Indonesia is host to over 13,000 registered forced migrants. Intensified border policing at sea as well as the unlikelihood of formal resettlement have meant that most forced migrants are…

Terms of Migration

Lucia Chiurco In recent years, the topic of international mobility has received a high level of mediatisation, whilst levels of hostility, discrimination, racial harassment and hate speech towards people with a migrant background are growing alarmingly in many…

Integration and Methodological Nationalism

Ioana Pisaltu Despite its conceptual vagueness, integration is a central topic in discussions about culture, politics, and migration throughout the European Union. Questions about who does and does not ‘belong’ to a nation have come to the forefront…

Refugees as Guests

Ghofran Hilal Jordan has long been one of the main host countries for refugees in the Middle East. It is a land of a unique condensation of forced migratory movements; nowhere else has experienced such a high density…

Hybrid Hosts

Caroline Lenette We often speak of ‘host communities’ when discussing displacement and migration in research, policy and practice. The term usually refers to citizens or established communities in countries and neighbourhoods who host new arrivals, including refugee-background individuals and families.…

Migrancy

Renato Galhardi Migrancy is a ubiquitous concept in migration analysis. But what do scholars mean when they use migrancy? And, maybe more importantly, what is migrancy? By retracing the meanings embedded in the first usages of migrancy, it becomes clear that migrancy…

God’s Guest

Damla Mursül The sayings, proverbs and cultural myths of a society reflect its values and traditions. People live through these legends and believe in their authenticity, but do not always act in accordance with them. Many people use…

Migrant Transnationalism

Katherine Lao To put it simply, migrant transnationalism is the connections and interactions migrants maintain across state borders. These can range from maintaining their relationships with families, friends, and communities left behind, to participating in faith-based organisations, clubs,…

The Latinx Migrant Dictionary

Damián Vergara Bracamontes Contrary to the popular belief that migrants are ill-informed about immigration policies and procedures, migrant testimonies reveal a rich lexicon through which Spanish-speaking migrants document, reflect, and analyse their experiences. Spanish words like ‘la hielera’…

Brain Drain/Care Drain

Yurdum Cokadar Despite the increasing feminisation of labour migration, women migrants are understudied in skilled migration research. Some conceptual developments reducing migrant women’s roles to household and/or family in migration studies have contributed to this invisibility of highly…

Migrant Domestic Workers

Greta Lai There is a famous saying that goes, ‘you cannot understand someone until you have walked a mile in their shoes’. As much as it is about appreciating what others have been through, it is also to…

Migration, Diaspora or Freedom?

Wisnu Adihartono Around 150 Indonesian gays have migrated to Paris because they were disappointed with the Indonesian government’s discrimination and even criminalisation of their existence. Some of them have lived in Paris for decades. They all interpret the…

Bushfalling

Marlene Gärtner Emotionally charged narratives about mobility and respective immobilities produce an endless array of meanings, judgements, and labels. Through framing in politics and media, complex realities are reduced to a point where only a few figures and…

Filipina Economic Migrants

Patricia Miranda and Joel Baysa-Barredo Self-portrait by Juniper*, a multimedia artist, in her rented apartment in Quezon City in Metro Manila, Philippines. She said when asked whether she identifies as a migrant: ‘Am I a migrant? I don’t…

The Politics of Naming

Subhadip Mukherjee Refugees are largely perceived by the media as an anonymous and unfortunate group of people who have lost their homes, fled their countries and are forced to submit to the authority of the country where they…

The Perception of Time in Detention

Irene Praga n 19th July 2013, Kevin Rudd, then Prime Minister of Australia, signed off agreements with Papua New Guinea and the tiny country of Nauru to facilitate the transfer of asylum seekers entering Australian territory without visas…

Inside Indian Jews’ Promised Land

Aparajita Ghosh As Maharashtra’s close-knit community of Bene Israeli and Baghdadi Jews permanently plans to migrate to their holy land, the small but visible Jewish diaspora is diminishing gradually in India. An extensive population of 65,000 Jews, which…

Migrants in Brazil’s Biggest City

Luiz Philipe de Oliveira Since 2013, the evolution of policies aimed at supporting migrants in the city of São Paulo has become an example of successful integration, along with the reduction of crime, higher employment, and the creation…

Educational Migration

Dhiman Banik ‘The times are uncertain [sigh]… The virus is arrogant. It knows how to adapt. We should also learn.’ The rapid spread of COVID-19 in 2020 saw many countries close their borders, thereby causing delays in research…

The Vocabulary of Sub-Saharan in Kenitra, Morocco

Soumia Bouhdoud This article was first published in French. You can read the original here. Morocco is a migratory crossroads and a host country for irregular sub-Saharan migrants from West Africa who seek to settle temporarily in the Kingdom…

‘Climate Refugees’

Rachael Diniega & Daniela Paredes Grijalva From ‘environmentally displaced persons’ to ‘climate refugees’ or ‘environmental migrants’, popular news media have used a variety of terms to describe a phenomenon that is often oversimplified or misunderstood. That is: the…

Internally Displaced Persons

Lidia Kuzemska Who is an ‘Internally Displaced Person’? (IDP) Potentially anyone who is forced to leave one’s permanent home. The homeless, people evicted from their houses, people forced to relocate within their communities, within their cities or countries. A…

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